BeiGene Announces Results of Phase 3 ASPEN Trial of Zanubrutinib Compared to Ibrutinib for the Treatment of Patients with Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia
- Primary Endpoint of Statistical Superiority Related to Deep Response (VGPR or Better) Was Not Met; However, Zanubrutinib Demonstrated More Frequent VGPRs (28.4% vs.19.2% in Overall Population)
- Zanubrutinib Demonstrated Advantages in Safety and Tolerability Compared to Ibrutinib
- Company to Hold Investor Conference Call and Webcast Today at
The randomized cohort 1 enrolled 102 patients (including 83 relapsed or refractory (R/R) patients and 19 treatment-naïve (TN) patients) in the zanubrutinib arm and 99 patients (including 81 R/R patients and 18 TN patients) in the ibrutinib arm. Patients in the zanubrutinib arm were assigned to receive zanubrutinib 160 mg twice daily (BID) and patients in the ibrutinib arm received 420 mg of ibrutinib once daily (QD).
Results from cohort 1 in the Phase 3 ASPEN trial, as of the data cutoff date of
- In R/R patients, the VGPR rate as assessed by independent review committee (IRC) was 28.9% in the zanubrutinib arm and 19.8% in the ibrutinib arm (no patients achieved a CR in either arm). The difference was not statistically significant (2-sided p=0.1160);
- In the overall patient population, the VGPR rate as assessed by IRC was 28.4% in the zanubrutinib arm and 19.2% in the ibrutinib arm (no patients achieved a CR in either arm). The difference was not statistically significant (2-sided descriptive p=0.0921);
- In the R/R patient population, the major response rate (MRR), which is the rate of partial response (PR) or better, as assessed by IRC was 78.3% in the zanubrutinib arm and 80.2% in the ibrutinib arm; in the overall patient population, the MRR was 77.5% in the zanubrutinib arm and 77.8% in the ibrutinib arm;
- While the trial was not powered to detect a statistically significant improvement in progression free survival (PFS), and follow-up data for PFS is still short, early PFS and overall survival (OS) data for zanubrutinib were directionally consistent with the higher VGPR rates in the zanubrutinib arm:
° The 12-month PFS rate was 92.4% (83.8-96.5) in R/R patients and 89.7% (81.7-94.3) in all patients in the zanubrutinib arm, compared to 85.9% (75.9-91.9) in R/R patients and 87.2% (78.6-92.5) in all patients in the ibrutinib arm; and
° The 12-month OS rate was 98.8% (91.6-99.8) for R/R patients and 97.0% (90.9-99.0) for all patients in the zanubrutinib arm, compared to 92.5% (84.1-96.6) in R/R patients and 93.9% (86.8-97.2) in all patients in the ibrutinib arm;
- Grade >3 adverse events (AEs) were 58.4% in the zanubrutinib arm and 63.3% in the ibrutinib arm. In the zanubrutinib arm, four (4.0%) patients discontinued treatment due to AEs and there was one (1.0%) fatal adverse event; in the ibrutinib arm, nine patients (9.2%) discontinued due to AEs and there were four (4.1%) fatal adverse events;
- For AEs of special interest for BTK inhibitors, atrial fibrillation/flutter of any grade was 2.0% in the zanubrutinib arm and 15.3% in the ibrutinib arm; minor bleeding was 48.5% for zanubrutinib and 59.2% for ibrutinib; major hemorrhage was 5.9% for zanubrutinib and 9.2% for ibrutinib; and diarrhea was 20.8% for zanubrutinib and 31.6% for ibrutinib; and
- The rate of neutropenia was higher in the zanubrutinib arm (29.7%) as compared to the ibrutinib arm (13.3%).
(N = 83)
(N = 81)
(N = 102)
(N = 99)
|VGPR + CR Rate||28.9%||19.8%
|PFS (12 month)
(88.9 – 98.8)
(75.9 – 91.9)
(81.7 – 94.3)
(78.6 – 92.5)
|OS (12 month)
(91.6 – 99.8)
(84.1 – 96.6)
(90.9 – 99.0)
(86.8 – 97.2)
(n = 101)
(n = 98)
|Grade >3 AEs||58.4%||63.3%|
|Treatment discontinuation due to AEs||4 (4.0%)||9 (9.2%)|
|Fatal AEs||1 (1.0%)||4 (4.1%)|
|Atrial fibrillation / flutter of any grade||2.0%||15.3%|
“Our researchers sought to design a BTK inhibitor that would improve efficacy and decrease side effects in patients by maximizing BTK inhibition and minimizing off-target binding. We took a bold approach to our clinical development plan by evaluating zanubrutinib directly against ibrutinib in patients with WM and are encouraged by the improvements in VGPR rates and safety,” said
Dr. Huang continued, “Today’s results are consistent with what we know about zanubrutinib from our broad clinical development program – that it is a more selective BTK inhibitor with beneficial pharmacokinetics designed to provide deep, meaningful responses for many patients. We plan to discuss our findings with regulatory authorities in the U.S. and
“WM is a devastating and incurable disease with significant morbidity. These meaningful results help us advance the understanding of the role of BTK specificity and off-target effects during treatment,” said
The Phase 3 randomized, open-label, multicenter
Results of cohort 2 were previously presented at the 24th
The data from the study were masked and the results were first available for analysis this past week. The Company plans to submit the full
BeiGene Conference Call and Webcast Information
Investors and analysts are invited to join the conference call on Monday, December 16 at 8:30 a.m. ET using the following dial-in information:
U.S. Toll-Free: +1 (844) 461-9930
Conference ID: 2885995
A live webcast of the conference call and the slides from the presentation can be accessed from the investors section of BeiGene’s website at http://ir.beigene.com/ or http://hkexir.beigene.com. An archived replay will be available two hours after the event for 90 days.
About the Zanubrutinib Clinical Trial Program
Clinical trials of zanubrutinib include:
- Fully-enrolled Phase 3 ASPEN clinical trial in patients with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM) comparing zanubrutinib to ibrutinib (NCT03053440), currently the only approved BTK inhibitor for WM;
- Phase 3 SEQUOIA trial comparing zanubrutinib with bendamustine plus rituximab in patients with treatment-naive (TN) chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) (NCT03336333);
- Phase 3 ALPINE trial comparing zanubrutinib to ibrutinib in patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) CLL/SLL (NCT03734016);
- Phase 2 trial in combination with GAZYVA® (obinutuzumab) in patients with R/R follicular lymphoma (FL) (NCT03332017);
- Phase 3 trial comparing zanubrutinib and rituximab to bendamustine and rituximab in patients with untreated MCL (NCT04002297);
- Phase 2 MAGNOLIA trial in patients with R/R marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) (NCT03846427);
- Phase 2 ROSEWOOD trial (NCT03332017) in
Chinacomparing obinutuzumab and zanubrutinib vs obinutuzumab alone in treating patients with R/R FL;
- Completed Phase 2 trials in patients with R/R MCL (NCT03206970) and R/R CLL/SLL (NCT03206918); and
- Completed enrollment in Phase 2 clinical trial in patients with WM (NCT03332173).
About BRUKINSA™ (zanubrutinib)
BRUKINSA is a small molecule inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK), discovered by
BRUKINSA was approved by the U.S.
New Drug Applications (NDAs) in
BRUKINSA is not approved for use outside
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION FOR BRUKINSA (ZANUBRUTINIB)
Warnings and Precautions
Fatal and serious hemorrhagic events have occurred in patients with hematological malignancies treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy. Grade 3 or higher bleeding events including intracranial and gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hematuria and hemothorax have been reported in 2% of patients treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy. Bleeding events of any grade, including purpura and petechiae, occurred in 50% of patients treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy.
Bleeding events have occurred in patients with and without concomitant antiplatelet or anticoagulation therapy. Co-administration of BRUKINSA with antiplatelet or anticoagulant medications may further increase the risk of hemorrhage.
Monitor for signs and symptoms of bleeding. Discontinue BRUKINSA if intracranial hemorrhage of any grade occurs. Consider the benefit-risk of withholding BRUKINSA for 3-7 days pre- and post-surgery depending upon the type of surgery and the risk of bleeding.
Fatal and serious infections (including bacterial, viral, or fungal) and opportunistic infections have occurred in patients with hematological malignancies treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy. Grade 3 or higher infections occurred in 23% of patients treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy. The most common Grade 3 or higher infection was pneumonia. Infections due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation have occurred.
Consider prophylaxis for herpes simplex virus, pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and other infections according to standard of care in patients who are at increased risk for infections. Monitor and evaluate patients for fever or other signs and symptoms of infection and treat appropriately.
Grade 3 or 4 cytopenias, including neutropenia (27%), thrombocytopenia (10%) and anemia (8%) based on laboratory measurements, were reported in patients treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy.
Monitor complete blood counts during treatment and treat using growth factor or transfusions, as needed.
Second Primary Malignancies
Second primary malignancies, including non-skin carcinoma, have occurred in 9% of patients treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy. The most frequent second primary malignancy was skin cancer (basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of skin), reported in 6% of patients. Advise patients to use sun protection.
Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter have occurred in 2% of patients treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy. Patients with cardiac risk factors, hypertension, and acute infections may be at increased risk. Grade 3 or higher events were reported in 0.6% of patients treated with BRUKINSA monotherapy. Monitor signs and symptoms for atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter and manage as appropriate.
Based on findings in animals, BRUKINSA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Administration of zanubrutinib to pregnant rats during the period of organogenesis caused embryo-fetal toxicity, including malformations at exposures that were 5 times higher than those reported in patients at the recommended dose of 160 mg twice daily. Advise women to avoid becoming pregnant while taking BRUKINSA and for at least 1 week after the last dose. Advise men to avoid fathering a child during treatment and for at least 1 week after the last dose. If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to a fetus.
The most common adverse reactions in > 10% of patients who received BRUKINSA were neutrophil count decreased (53%), platelet count decreased (39%), upper respiratory tract infection (38%), white blood cell count decreased (30%), hemoglobin decreased (29%), rash (25%), bruising (23%), diarrhea (20%), cough (20%), musculoskeletal pain (19%), pneumonia (18%), urinary tract infection (13%), hematuria (12%), fatigue (11%), constipation (11%), and hemorrhage (10%). The most frequent serious adverse reactions were pneumonia (11%) and hemorrhage (5%).
CYP3A Inhibitors: When BRUKINSA is co-administered with a strong CYP3A inhibitor, reduce BRUKINSA dose to 80 mg once daily. For coadministration with a moderate CYP3A inhibitor, reduce BRUKINSA dose to 80 mg twice daily.
CYP3A Inducers: Avoid coadministration with moderate or strong CYP3A inducers.
Hepatic Impairment: The recommended dose of BRUKINSA for patients with severe hepatic impairment is 80 mg orally twice daily.
BRUKINSA is a kinase inhibitor indicated for the treatment of adult patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who have received at least one prior therapy.
This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in a confirmatory trial.
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws, including statements regarding clinical data for patients from the
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